The capital of GeorgiaTbilisi stands on the banks of the River Mtkvari, in a valley surrounded by hills. The name for the city derives from the word tbili (warm). It is best seen from the top of Mount Mtatsminda.
Kakheti is a region along the eastern boundary of Georgia. Having the area of 12 200 sq km the region makes up 17,5% of the entire territory of the country with 407 200 people that is 8,3% of total Georgian population.
Samegrelo is bordered by the Black Sea to the west, Abkhazia, Svaneti and Racha to the north and Guria to the south. The main town of the region and its administrative centre is Zugdidi, which used to be the residence of local dukes in the past.
Lower Kartli is located in eastern Georgia. It shares a border with the Trialeti, Javakheti, and Bambak-Erevani Mountain ranges. Its geographic location is the key to its name: Kvemo Kartli – which in Georgian means "Lower Kartli".